HEIGHT to 1m Familiar upright perennial of field margins and disturbed meadows. FLOWERS In loose spikes that are leafy at the base (June–Aug). FRUITS With prominent teeth and 1 tubercle. LEAVES Broadly oval, heart-shaped at the base; up to 25cm long. STATUS Widespread and extremely common throughout.
HEIGHT to 15cm Persistent perennial that grows on disturbed grassland, cultivated ground and tracks. FLOWERS 4mm across, with a brownish corolla and white stamens; in compact heads, 2cm long, on furrowed stalks up to 40cm long (Apr–Oct). FRUITS Capsules. LEAVES Lanceolate, up to 20cm long with 3–5 distinct veins; in spreading basal rosettes. STATUS Widespread and common throughout.
HEIGHT to 2m Fast-growing, invasive perennial, quick to colonise roadsides and other wayside places; hard to eradicate. FLOWERS Whitish, in loose, pendulous spikes arising from leaf bases (Aug–Oct). FRUITS Papery. LEAVES Large, triangular, on red, zigzag stems. STATUS Alien, but now a widespread garden escape.